Abstract is the systemized brief presentation of the scientific study revealing its main contents, special features and advantages. Abstracts provide efficient attraction of the interested reader, subject systematization, statistical selection, citation and scientometric indexing of the research.
To be published the report must include grammatically correct, readable abstract in English.
Informational specificity of distribution of scientific data is in the fact that abstract and title of the scientific report are first things perceived by experts and readers. Besides, scientifically and grammatically correct abstract is also the obligatory condition of inclusion of your publications to scientometric databases.
In this regard we would like to emphasize the following: title of materials, abstract and keywords must be obligatorily presented in grammatically correct English in the most understandable form for the reader. Use of automatic text engines is prohibited. Materials not meeting our requirements will not be published.
Materials submitted for publication in the journal may contain abstracts of two kinds:
1) standard abstract, not exceeding 5-7 sentences, must be an integral part of the report in English;
2) extended abstract, not exceeding 10 sentences and limited by one page of typed text, must be an integral part of the report presented not in English (in any widespread (acknowledged as widespread) language of international communication or other language understandable by the widest range of persons.
Rules of presentation of the abstract, example
The abstract must reveal main sections of the article. It must be designed with observance of international standards and include the following main points:
Actuality. From the very beginning it is necessary to show the importance of the problem under study or the offered project under study.
Problem statement. After presentation of actuality it is necessary to describe the problem the scientific study is devoted to.
Ways of solving the problem. In this section of the abstract the author must list all concrete steps directed to the solution of the existing problem. In qualitative studies (not including the description of the experiment and analysis of its results) it may be the listing of theoretical matters under study. In quantitative studies (those including statistical data of the experiment) methods of experimental work performed and indexes under study are listed in this section of the abstract.
Results and conclusions. This section of the abstract includes quantitative and qualitative results of the research. It is also necessary to emphasize the sphere of implementation of results of the research, the extent of widening of existing ideas concerning matters under study, new methods of solution of existing problems offered in the report. Conclusions may be supplemented by recommendations, assessments, offers, theories described in the article.
Every section is limited by 1-2 sentences.
While writing the abstract authors should also bear in mind the following:
- Parts of text of the report and its title can not be duplicated in the abstract (the author can not take sentences from the report and use them in the abstract). The abstract must not include numbers, tables, intra-textual references. The author should not write the word "Abstract" before the text; the text is formatted in a way similar to the article but marked as italic.
- The abstract must include significant facts from the report; materials not mentioned in the article itself should not be included in the abstract.
- In the abstract the author should use syntactic constructions inherent to the language of scientific and technical documents, but avoid complex grammatical constructions. The abstract must be short and clear without any unnecessary introductory words or general formulations.
The abstract sample
The paper contains results of comparative research on emotional intelligence as a probable factor of vocational preferences. The author strongly advocates that emotional intelligence is an important component of professional preparation and competences in pedagogical professions.